When it comes to dealing with pain conditions, two types of injection therapy seems to work: Corticosteroid and Ostenil injections.
Cortisone is a steroid hormone that occurs naturally in the body. It is produced by the adrenal gland and is released into the bloodstream in response to stress. Cortisone belongs to a class of hormones called glucocorticoids, which are involved in a variety of biochemical processes, including metabolism, immune response, and stress response. Cortisone has both anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive effects. Private cortisone injections
are used clinically to treat inflammatory conditions such as arthritis, tendinopathy, bursitis, and frozen shoulder. It is also used to suppress the immune system in people who have received organ transplants. These injections are administered by clinical specialist physiotherapists. They only use a small dose so that it provides quick pain relief.
Ostenil injections primarily contain hyaluronic acid
. It is developed to help with stiffness and joint pain that occurs due to osteoarthritis. Hyaluronic acid is a naturally-occurring substance found in the body and plays an important role in lubricating and cushioning the joints. In osteoarthritis, the level of hyaluronic acid in the joints decreases, leading to pain and stiffness. The injection will be injected once a week for at least three weeks in the affected area to alleviate the pain. Ostenil works by replenishing the level of hyaluronic acid in the joints, providing relief from symptoms.
Although injection may provide relief from pain, the clinical specialist physiotherapist will consider the following factors before using the injection:
- The affected joint
- Why you are experiencing the pain
- Do you have any other medical condition
- Whether you need short-term, slow, fast, or long-term relief
- Other treatments that you had undergone for the same problem
- Whether you know the risks and side effects of injection therapy and still want to go ahead with the treatment
After you have been assessed and diagnosed by a specialist, they will discuss with you the best course of treatment. Injection processes are usually quick and easy to perform, and you will be able to go home after the treatment for the day is over. The doctor will also recommend an individualized rehabilitation program so that it increases the speed at which you recover. The injection process involves injecting a corticosteroid or ostenil into the affected area. This helps to reduce inflammation and pain. The rehabilitation program will vary depending on the type of injury and how severe it is. However, it is important to follow the program as closely as possible to ensure the best possible outcome. Although these injection therapies are already well-known, many people have various questions regarding the treatment process. Here are some of the frequently-asked questions:
Q: How long will the effects last?
A: Cortisone and other corticosteroids are a class of drugs that are used to reduce inflammation. Cortisone is a naturally occurring hormone that is produced by the adrenal gland. It plays an important role in the body's inflammatory response, by helping to regulate the production of inflammatory substances. Corticosteroids mimic the action of cortisone and are synthetic drugs that are used to treat a variety of conditions, including allergies, asthma, and arthritis. They are typically injected directly into the affected area.
The effects of corticosteroids vary depending on the individual and the condition being treated. In general, they are most effective when used for short periods of time. That’s why you may notice that the pain is gone for a few days. However, the effect wears off after 3 to 4 months. On the other hand, you will notice the pain subsiding after the second or third ostenil injection. When used for longer periods of time, their efficacy may diminish after 8 or 9 months. It is wise to take an ostenil injection every 4 or 6 months.
Q: What are the side effects of injection therapy?
A: Injection therapy involves injecting corticosteroids or ostenil into the affected area to relieve pain. Although the therapy is beneficial in alleviating pain, you may experience a few side effects. They are as follows:
- Slight bleeding at the injection site
- Slight discomfort during and after the injection is administered
- Flushing of the face for a few hours
- Headaches, dizziness, drowsiness, or nausea
- Paleness, dimples, or thinning of the skin around the area where the injection is administered
- Itching and skin irritation
- Your blood sugar level may go up for a few days after taking the injection
- Similarly, your blood pressure may also increase after taking the injection
Q: What are some of the reasons why injection therapy may not be suitable for me?
A: It is always wise to get in touch with a doctor if you want to go for injection therapy. Following are some of the instances when injection therapy may not be suitable for you:
- If you have any severe allergies
- If you recently had any vaccinations or are about to take a vaccination
- If you have an ongoing infection
- If you already have other health conditions, such as epilepsy, diabetes, high blood pressure, or problems with your heart, liver, or kidneys
- If you are pregnant, breastfeeding, or trying to conceive
- If there is any pending chemical peeling, laser treatment, or other dermal procedure after taking the injection
- If your skin has excessive scarring or pigmentation disorders. This may happen due to hypertrophic scarring or keloid formation.
- If you have taken 3 steroid injections in the affected area in the last 12 months
Overall, injection therapy is a safe and effective treatment option for conditions, such as arthritis and joint pain, but it is always wise to be aware of the potential risks involved. You can consult with a clinical specialist physiotherapist about the treatment process before making your final decision.